The animals you won’t believe exist as pets in Canada
When you think of wild animals like crocodiles, leopards or tigers, you might think of foreign, exotic landscapes – like the tropics of Australia, African savannahs or jungles of South Asia. You might then be surprised to learn that thousands of these wild animals exist in Canada... as pets.
New World Animal Protection data has now revealed that Canadians own millions of wild animals, also referred to as exotic animals, despite these animals being entirely unsuitable as pets.
Altogether, an estimated 1.4 million wild animals are kept as pets in Canada.
These shocking figures reveal that Canada’s lax pet ownership laws are enabling a cruel and inhumane wildlife pet trade. Many of these wild animals are poached from their natural habitats and imported directly from the wild. Others come from captive breeding operations, which have their own set of serious problems.
Popular animals owned as pets such as snakes, parrots, geckos, turtles, fennec foxes, iguanas, caracals and servals are all wild animals. Unlike domesticated animals, which have been selectively bred over many generations to live with humans, wild animals suffer in captivity. There is no way to replicate the space and freedom that wild animals need in a home environment.
Exotic pet breakdown by province:
- Ontario: 588,652 wild animals exist as pets
- Quebec: 286,693 wild animals exist as pets
- Alberta: 202,841 wild animals exist as pets
- British Columbia: 191,490 wild animals exist as pets
- Manitoba and Saskatchewan: 82,102 wild animals exist as pets
- Atlantic provinces: 73,534 wild animals exist as pets
Wild animals not only suffer in captivity but can pose a danger to their owners and the local community. Maulings, bites, scratches and constriction and can inflict serious harm and even death. With 1.4 million wild animals kept as pets in Canada, the reality is that these animals are likely to live nearby. Ontario has the highest numbers of wild animals kept as pets, followed by Quebec and Alberta.
Canada has experienced a number of tragic incidents due to wild animal ownership, such as the death of two boys from asphyxiation by an African Rock Python in New Brunswick, and the death of a woman who was mauled to death by a tiger in British Columbia.
Our analysis of Canada’s wild animal ownership laws found that many provinces fail to sufficiently restrict which animals can be owned as pets. Regions such as Ontario and the Northwest Territories do not regulate this issue at all at a provincial level. Other provinces have stronger laws, which have largely been developed in response to tragic incidents.
Inconsistent laws in Canada also mean that many wild animals can suffer as pets in some provinces and not others. For example, 70% of the servals kept as pets in Canada exist in B.C. and 15% exist in Ontario - provinces that allow ownership of these animals. In comparison, no servals are kept as pets in Quebec and Alberta - provinces that prohibit the ownership of these animals.
Large numbers of wild animals exist in Canada due to weak laws. Some provinces are better than others at protecting wild animals from a lifetime of suffering.
To see how your province ranks, visit our new campaign page. You can see which wild animals are permitted in your province and how your province compares to other areas.
What you can do
We are calling on provincial governments to improve their wild animal ownership laws. Join us by writing a letter to your provincial Minister responsible for this issue. Together, we can place pressure on our leaders to ensure wild animals don’t suffer in captivity in Canada.